SignPost Cymru



Signposted Cymru

Common Types Of Mental Health

A male worker with mental health, anxiety or grief issues in an industrial environment


Depression (major depressive disorder) is a common and serious medical illness that negatively affects how you feel, the way you think and how you act. Fortunately, it is also treatable. Depression causes feelings of sadness and/or a loss of interest in activities you once enjoyed.


  • Feelings of sadness, tearfulness, emptiness or hopelessness
  • Angry outbursts, irritability or frustration, even over small matters
  • Loss of interest or pleasure in most or all normal activites, such as sex, hobbies or sports
  • Sleep disturbances, inlcluding insomina or sleeping too much
  • Tiredness and lack of energy, so even small asks take extra effort
  • Reduced appetite and weight loss or increased cravings for food and weight gain
  • Anxiety, agitation or restlessness
  • Slowed thinking, speaking or body movements
  • Feelings of worthlessness or guilt, fixating on past failures or self-blame
  • Trouble thinking, concentrating, making decisions and remembering things
  • Frequent or recurrent thoughts of death, suicidal thoughts, suicide attempts or suicide
  • Unexplained physical problems, such as back pain or headaches
  • Family history.  Though there are no specific genes that we can look at and trace to depression, if your family members have had depression, you are more likely also to experience depression.
  • Illness and health issues.
  • Medication, drugs and alchohol.
  • Personality.

Welcome to Ultimate You!

How do you release depression?

Most of all, if you’re going through depression, show yourself some compassion and kindness.

They may seem simple, but they can help a lot.


  1. Exercise. Take a 15- to 30-minute brisk walk every day. …
  2. Eat healthy foods. …
  3. Don’t dwell on problems. …
  4. Express yourself. …
  5. Notice good things.


Anxiety is a feeling of unease, worry or fear. We all feel anxious at times, but anxiety may be a mental health problem if your feelings are very strong or last a long time. More than one in 20 of us have an anxiety disorder.


A woman sit on a hospital bed with anxiety. She was afraid of despair What she wants now is faith
  • Feeling restless, wound-up or on-edge.
  • Being easily fatigued.
  • Having muscle tension.
  • Difficulty controlling feelings of worry.
  • Having sleep problems, such as difficulty falling or staying asleep, restlessness or unsatisfying sleep.
  • Identify and learn to manage your triggers.
  • Adopt cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
  • Do a daily or routine meditation.
  • Try supplements or change your diet.
  • Keep your body and mind healthy.
  • Ask your doctor about medications.


Stress is the feeling of being overwhelmed or unable to cope with mental or emotional pressure.

Stressed mom
  • Headaches or dizziness.
  • Muscle tension or pain.
  • Stomach problems.
  • Chest pain or a faster heartbeat.
  • Sexual problems.
  • Identify what stresses you out.
  • Avoid the stressors.
  • Change what you can and accept what you can’t.
  • Keep it positive.
  • Keep your body healthy.
  • Keep your mind peaceful.
  • Stay connected and talk to someone.
  • Manage your time more effectively.


People with PTSD have intense, disturbing thoughts and feelings related to their experience that last long after the traumatic event has ended. They may relive the event through flashbacks or nightmares; they may feel sadness, fear or anger; and they may feel detached or estranged from other people.

  • A life-threatening event. This includes a perceived-to-be life threatening event. …
  • Internal reminders of the event. These symptoms typically present as nightmares or flashbacks. …
  • Avoidance of external reminders. …
  • Altered anxiety state. …
  • Changes in mood or thinking.

Positive ways of coping with PTSD:

  1. Learn about trauma and PTSD.
  2. Join a PTSD support group.
  3. Practice relaxation techniques.
  4. Pursue outdoor activities.
  5. Confide in a person you trust.
  6. Spend time with positive people.
  7. Avoid alcohol and drugs.
  8. Enjoy the peace of nature.


Stress is the feeling of being overwhelmed or unable to cope with mental or emotional pressure.

Obsessive compulsive disorder concept. Woman Obsessively Washing her Hands.
  • Fear of contamination of dirt.
  • Doubting and having difficulty tolerating uncertainty.
  • Needing things orderly and symmetrical.
  • Aggressive or horrific thoughts about losing control and harming yourself or others.
  • Unwanted thoughts, including aggression, or sexual or religious subjects.
  • Exposure Therapy.  The psychotherapy of choice for the treatment of OCD is exposure and response prevention (ERP), which is a form of CBT.
  • Imaginal Exposure.
  • Habit Reversal Training.
  • Cognitive Threapy.


Grief is a strong, sometimes overwhelming emotion for people, regardless of whether their sadness stems from the loss of a loved one or from a terminal diagnosis they or someone they love have received.

  • The seven emotional stages of grief are usually understood to be shock or disbelief, denial, bargaining, guilt, anger, depression, and acceptance/hope. Symptoms of grief can be emotional, physical, social, or religious in nature.

Instead, try these things to help you come to terms with your loss and begin to heal:

  1. Give yourself time. Accept your feelings and know that grieving is a process.
  2. Talk to others. Spend time with friends and family.
  3. Take care of yourself.
  4. Return to your hobbies.
  5. Join a support group.